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    PST: October/11/2018 8:36:19

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    Useful Words and Phrases

    Tagalog speakers in the Philippines have many ways of greeting other people. It is common also to hear them say "Hi" or "Hello" as a form of greeting, especially among close friends. There are no Tagalog translations for these English greetings because they are basically borrowed terms, and any English-speaking person will be readily understood by Filipinos in general (Yes, Virginia and Joe, English is widely spoken in the Philippines, a former colony of the US of A for nearly 50 years!).

    Below are a few Tagalog greetings that are importart to learn if one wants to endear himself/herself to Filipinos.

    • Magandang umaga po. (formal/polite) - Good morning
    • Magandang umaga. (informal) - Good morning
    • Magandang tanghali po. (formal/polite) - Good noon
    • Magandang tanghali. (informal) - Good noon
    • Magandang hapon po. (formal/polite) - Good afternoon
    • Magandang hapon. (informal) - Good afternoon
    • Magandang gabi po. (formal/polite) - Good evening
    • Magandang gabi. (informal) - Good evening
    • Kumusta po kayo? (formal/polite) - How are you?
    • Kumusta ka? (informal) - How are you?
    • Mabuti po naman. (formal/polite) - I'm fine
    • Mabuti naman. (informal) - I'm fine
    • Tuloy po kayo. (formal/polite) - Please, come in
    • Tuloy. (informal) - Please, come in
    • Salamat po. (formal/polite) - Thank you
    • Salamat. (informal) - Thank you
    • Maraming salamat po. (formal/polite) - Thank you very much
    • Maraming salamat. (informal) - Thank you very much
    • Wala pong anuman. (formal/polite) - You are welcome
    • Walang anuman. (informal) - You are welcome
    • Opo/ oho. (formal/polite) - Yes
    • Oo (informal) - Yes
    • Hindi po/ho (formal/polite) - No
    • Hindi (informal) - No
    • Hindi ko po/ho alam. (formal/polite) - I don't know
    • Hindi ko alam. (informal) - I don't know
    • Anong oras na po? (formal/polite) - What time is it?
    • Anong oras na? (informal) - What time is it?
    • Saan po kayo papunta? (formal/polite) - Where are you going?
    • Saan ka papunta? (informal) - Where are you going?
    • Saan po kayo galing? (formal/polite) - Where did you come from?
    • Saan ka galing? (informal) - Where did you come from?
    • Ano po ang pangalan nila? (formal/polite) - What is your name?
    • Anong pangalan mo? (informal) - What is your name?
    • Ako po si ________ (formal/polite) - I am ______ (name).
    • Ako si _________ (informal) - I am ______ (name).
    • Ilang taon na po kayo? (formal/polite) - How old are you?
    • Ilang taon ka na? (informal) - How old are you?
    • Ako po ay _______ gulang na. (formal/polite) - I am _______ years old.
    • Ako ay _______ gulang na. (informal) - I am _______ years old.
    • Saan po kayo nakatira? (formal/polite) - Where do you live?
    • Saan ka nakatira? (informal) - Where do you live?
    • Taga saan po sila? (formal/polite) - Where are you from?
    • Taga saan ka? (informal) - Where are you from?
    • Kumain na po ba sila? (formal/polite) - Have you eaten yet?
    • Kumain ka na ba? (informal) - Have you eaten yet?

    Below is a list of Tagalog words and phrases used in giving or asking for directions.

    There are a number of Tagalog words and phrases which are rather vague in terms of specific distance but signify "nearness" or "farness" of a particular object, thing, or place from the speaker. These are:

    • deretso - straight ahead
    • (sa) kanan - on the right
    • (sa) kaliwa - on the left
    • umikot - turn around
    • (sa) harap - in front
    • (sa) likod/likuran - at the back/behind
    • hilaga - north
    • silangan - east
    • kanluran - west
    • timog - south
    • (sa) itaas - on top
    • (sa) ibaba - below/at the bottom
    • (sa) ilalim - at the bottom
    • (sa) loob - inside
    • (sa) labas - outside
    • doon - yonder (over there)
    • diyan lang po sa tabi - there, on that side
    • sa banda po doon - over on that side

    Below is a list of Tagalog question words with their corresponding meanings and examples in English.

    • Ano? - What?
    • Alin? - Which?
    • Sino? - Who?
    • Saan? - Where?
    • Bakit? - Why?
    • Kailan? - When?
    • Paano?/Papaano? - How?
    • Magkano? - How much? (money)
    • Nasaan? - Where? (to look for something/somebody)

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